Thailand has gained the nickname "Land of Smiles". Here do the tourists
experience a friendlyness which are not found anywhere else in the world.
More and more tourists discover this country and what it has to offer about
exciting food, culture, nature, and not least to mention the comfortable climate.
Here you can find some of the world 's best beaches and a rich and varied
wildlife, both above and under the water.
Thailand is also a low-cost country, making it financially comfortable
to stay there.
Thailand is located in South-East Asia and borders Myanmar (Burma) to the west,
Laos to the north and northeast, Kambodja to the east and Malaysia to the south.
Thai is the name of the largest ethnic group in Thailand, and the name of the
country will therefore most likely be interpreted as "The country of Thai people",
and not by Tai , "the country of freedom."
The country's official name was Siam until 1949.
The country has an area of 514,000 square kilometers, making it the world's 50th
Facts about Thailand
Time Zone UTC+7
Areal 514 000 km▓
Population approx. 66 mill.
Religion Buddhists ca. 94 %
Muslimes ca. 5 %
Official language Thai
largest country geographically. Population wise it number 20, with a
population of more than 66 million inhabitants.
Thailand can be divided into four areas by the physical geography:
- The mountainous areas in the north
- Khorat Plateau in the east
- the flat area in the middle of the country
- Malaya Peninsula
Thailand's northern areas consist of mountains, with Doi Inthanon at 2,576 meters above
sea level as the highest point. The Mountain ranges are cut by fertile river valleys.
In the northeast (Isan) the Khorat Plateau is dominant, bordered to the east of the
Thailand's central parts consist mainly of the flat Chao Phraya river valley.
In these areas, north of Bangkok, the country's main agricultural areas is situated,
called "Thailand's rice area." There has been excavated several
channels to improve opportunities for watering the rice.
In the south, the landscape narrows into the narrow Kra Isthmus, before the landscape
again widens into the Malay Peninsula.
Here is a lush, tropical and hilly landscape, framed by bright plains with broad beaches.
Coast, and particularly the west coast, is characterized by the many islands,
of which Phuket is the largest.
Koh Kho Khao is another, located approx. 90 km north of Phuket.
The climate is tropical and characterized by monsoons. From mid-May to October,
ruling a southwesterly, rainy and warm monsoon.
From November to mid-March the country is characterized by a cooler and drier, north-east monsoon.
In the south it is always hot and humid.
With mountains in the east and west Thailand avoid the largest concentration of rain the monsoon can bring.
It is not much rain, especially during the winter.
The upland areas in the north can be quite cool in the summer, temperatures often go down to 15 ║ C,
and sometimes as low as 5 ║ C.
Bangkok and the delta region near has hot afternoons throughout the year, but evenings are a bit less
humid in winter.
March and April are often very hot, before the monsoon begins.
Bangkok has a normal annual rainfall of 1397 mm.
Kra Isthmus in the south have largely the same temperature year round, with rain on the east coast in
winter and on the west coast of summer.
On Koh Kho Khao turns the monsoon winds usually in the middle of October. Then the weather gradually
dries up (More sun and less rain) up to approx. the end of November.
From then until April is normally much sun and little rain. It is relatively cool at Christmas and in January,
night temperature may come down to 20 ║ C.
From late January until April, it gradually gets warmer.